Engineered Wood Panel Types

Plywood and oriented strand board (OSB) engineered wood structural panels are widely available in a variety of panel types to meet most any need. Here are descriptions of panel types commonly used in industrial applications:

Sheathing/Rough Surfaces

APA Sheathing-grade panels are not manufactured with smoothness or appearance in mind, but offer strength suitable for most industrial applications. Common veneer grades used in APA Rated Sheathing are C or D, or a combination of the two. APA Rated Sheathing is also typically available as oriented strand board (OSB). Learn more about sheathing & rough surface industrial wood panels.

Sanded/Solid/Repaired Faces

Panels with A-grade and B-grade veneer faces are always sanded smooth in manufacture to fulfill the requirements of their intended end use – applications such as cabinets, shelving, furniture, built-ins, etc. Still other panels – APA Underlayment, APA Rated Sturd-I-Floor, APA C-D Plugged and APA C-C Plugged – require only touch-sanding for "sizing" to make the panel thickness more uniform. Sanded panels are fully sanded to a smooth surface while touch-sanded panels are sanded but perhaps not as uniformly as the sanded panels. Sanded panels can be manufactured in a variety of ways – as plywood (cross-laminated wood veneer), as composites (veneer faces bonded to wood strand cores), or occasionally as OSB. Learn more about sanded, solid & repaired face industrial wood panels. 

Enhanced Faces/Overlaid/Coated

Plywood and OSB panels are available with many types of face enhancements. Two common face coverings are a Medium Density Overlay (MDO) or High Density Overlay (HDO), which are resin-impregnated fiber surfaces bonded to one or both panel faces under heat and pressure. Other types of enhanced surfaces include fiberglass-reinforced plastic, polyethylene (HDPE), hardboard, metal and other materials for exceptionally smooth or special-use surfaces. Learn more about enhanced faces, overlaid & coated industrial wood panels.

Custom Sizes/Over-sized

Panels for industrial applications can be manufactured in a variety of thicknesses and sizes. While common sizes are 48-inch widths and 96-inch lengths with thicknesses of 1/4 inch to 3/4 inch, both plywood and OSB can be manufactured in wider, longer and thicker sizes. Learn more about custom sizes and over-sized industrial wood panels.

Special Features

Performance Panel manufacturers have the capability of manufacturing wood structural panels in many unique ways for unlimited custome applications, ranging from using different types of wood species to special textures on the surface of the panels. Learn more about special features & custom industrial wood panels.

Find Performance Panel Manufacturers

There are many domestic producers and suppliers of Plywood and oriented strand board (OSB) structural panels throughout North America, assuring industrial users a consistent source of quality products and further reducing the hidden costs of delayed shipments and inferior product performance. To locate a panel manufacturer by panel-type, try the Panel Finder.

Need Help Choosing the Right Panel?

APA Help DeskStaffed by engineered wood specialists, the APA Product Support Help Desk is a free service available to answer your questions pertaining to the specification and application of Plywood and OSB  structural panels.

To contact the APA Help Desk, call (253) 620-7400 weekdays from 7:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. Pacific Time (or leave a message anytime) or submit your question online.